Circinate vernation is the term used to describe the fronds of ferns uncurling as they grow. I have been fascinated both by the actual words, I love the sound of them, and the shapes of the ferns, since I learned the term in biology in school! When you look at ferns, the coiling is exquisite: so tight in places, loosening and becoming open coils; some so symmetrical, and then others asymmetrical. It is one of my favourite shapes and recurs in many of my paintings. In this work I enjoyed playing with, and exploring the curls and spirals to make plant shapes in some places, and abstract patterns in others.